The Heart of Street Fighter

streetfighter_hardcopy“How well do you know Street Fighter?” asked Sean Anderson, a friend and client with whom I’d previously worked on the Question Quest card game.

“Um… Not very.”

I’d played the video game from CAPCOM a few times. I knew there were comics (good), two live-action movies (bad), and a 1990s RPG from White Wolf (uh…what?) but had never really got into the Street Fighter universe. After all, it’s a story about people traveling the world to hit each other. How much could there be?

“But you write comics?”

“I’ve been known to do so from time to time, yes.”

“Then I could use your help.”

Two years later, I’m holding in my hand a rare hard copy of Street Fighter: The Heart of Battle. It’s a 300-page fan-created graphic novel packed with fights, drenched in Street Fighter lore, and showcasing the dramatic potential of a romantic relationship between two of the game’s most iconic characters: Ryu and Chun-Li.

This is Sean’s baby. It’s a freakishly big baby, which I helped deliver by revising and editing its original script to give it more focus. As a non-profit, fan-made baby, it’s also free to download if you want to check it out.

The Heart of Battle was a new experience for me. Aside from My Little Pony, I don’t think I’ve ever worked on a property that’s had such dedicated, passionate fans. And I’ve learned never to judge a storyworld by its primary product: “People travel the world and hit each other” is an accurate summary of the games’ plot, but one that barely scratches the surface of the deep and detailed world that CAPCOM has built.

Congratulations to Sean and the rest of the Heart of Battle team! What you’ve accomplished is truly impressive, and I’m proud to have played a part in it.

Serving Two Masters

Writing rulebooks for games is hard. Yes, it’s a cliche, but that doesn’t make it any less true. Writing rules is both art and science (a bit more art than science, IMHO), and there’s a whole host of reasons why it’s so difficult, but the core challenge is that rulebooks are trying to be two things at once.

A good rulebook needs to be both

  • a tutorial that teaches you how to play the game, and
  • a reference that explains, in excruciating detail, how the game works.

These might feel like the same things, but they’re not. That feeling is a trap. If you try to do both simultaneously, you end up with a document that’s so full of explanations of how the game works, the reader has a hard time learning how to play. In order to figure out “What do I do on my turn?” I need to wade through details of rules that only matter on the last turn, or come up twice a game, or only apply when my opponent is wearing a fedora.

As a reference, the rule have to cover everything.
As a tutorial, the rules only have to cover what you need in order to play.

There are as many ways of addressing this challenge as there are rulebooks. If you’re doing an RPG, for example, you’ve got between 64 and 640 pages to work with, so it’s easy to have “What you need to know in order to play” in chapter 1, and save “An exhaustive list of injuries your character can suffer and their effects on your stats” for chapter 28. In a hobby board game, you can again front-load the tutorial aspects into the first few pages, and save everything else for an “other rules” section in the back part of the booklet. Some games literally divide the tutorial and the reference into two separate documents. And then you’ve got games like Magic: the Gathering, which features a comprehensive rules document that’s like hundreds of pages long… but ships with a tiny little booklet that tells you just enough to get you playing the game.

There isn’t a single One True Way to write rulebooks. If there were, it wouldn’t be so hard. But keeping in mind that you’re trying to do two things at once will hopefully help you find the best way to write your rulebook for your game.

Tricksters and Thieves

dicord_lankhmarSome creative types have celestial muses to inspire their art. I had one, but she took some time to find herself and never came back. Instead, I have a director of self-promotion. His name is Moe. He’s bald, chews an unlit cigar, and smells like garlic when he sweats, which is all the time. He appears over my shoulder every few weeks, hovering on ridiculously undersized angel wings. He’s hovering there now.

“Hey, doofus,” he says, pointing at me with his cigar. “You should tell the people about the things.”

I blink at him. I’m sort of zoned out from working on the spreadsheet in front of me. What people? What things?

Moe groans and rolls his eyes.

“Tell your audience–the four people who read your blog and the six who follow you on Twitter or whatever–about the products that just came out. You’re over here tellin’ ’em you’re this writer and game designer, but then when stuff that you wrote and designed gets released, you don’t even say nothing. You should point to that stuff.” (He jabbed at me with his cigar for emphasis.) “Point to it hard and say, ‘I made this. I’m not just talking over here, I can execute, too. See?’ Or else how they gonna know?”

Oh. Right. Something like this?

Pinnacle Entertainment Group has announced that Lankhmar: City of Thieves is now available for PDF order and print pre-order. This RPG book lets you play in the sword and sorcery world of Fritz Leiber’s Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser using the Savage Worlds game system. The tome includes not only everything you need to embark on a gaming career of thieving and skullduggery, but a couple of adventures written by yours truly as well. The Pinnacle team are knocking the Lankhmar property out of the park, and I’m thrilled to be part of it.

Over the card game side of things, the past weekend saw the pre-release of Absolute Discord, the latest set of cards I helped design for the My Little Pony CCG. This set features that top agent of chaos, Discord, and the craziness he brings whenever he shows up in an episode. Some of the cards in the set are really quite insane, and it was a lot of fun watching my social feeds blow up with people asking each other, “Is this even a real card? How could such a thing exist?” The theme decks were released last week, and the boosters are scheduled to drop next week, so be sure to hit up your Friendly Local Game Store and demand your ponies!

“Yeah,” says Moe after a pause. “Something like that. But maybe not so ham-fisted.”

The Power of Names

FeedrEetsInspired by a tweet from the always-thinking Will Hindmarch, I’ve been pondering the role of names in world-building. They’ve got a lot of power. The power to create a mood or reinforce a theme. The power to add a bit of verisimilitude to your world-building… or to break the suspension of disbelief.

Is it example time? Yes? Okay, then. An example:

Behold a wondrous device that, when activated, produces food that’s fully prepared and ready to be eaten. By naming the thing, you don’t change its function (“food-maker”) but you say a lot about the world around it. Off the top of my head, you could call it the…

  • Food Replicator,
  • Stone of Nourishment,
  • QuikMeal 2000,
  • Harvoot’s Endless Food Bag,
  • Dietary Nutrition Delivery System,
  • Altar of Divine Sustenance, or
  • Feedr

… and each name gives the audience different glimpse into the world you’re making.

Time Dilation

Douglas Complex fires 2013: Rabbit MountainNo words of world-building wisdom today. No pearls of game-design brilliance either. Jaxar the Barbarian was up at 3:30 AM, which meant I was up, which means that my sharpest edges are a bit dull this morning. My brain’s still a bit foggy, and in true dream-like fashion, it keeps obsessing over one thing:

It’s almost GenCon time.

Looking at the calendar, I see that’s not strictly true. The big show is still four months a way, but in the time-dilated world of tabletop game publishing, July 30 is right around the corner. For publishers with products hitting the street at that time, the clock is ticking to get those files to the printer (and if you’re printing in China, you might already be too late). For freelance game designers, the pressure is on to polish up those prototypes and start making arrangements to show them to interested parties.

I’ve been known to say that it’s hard to see the forest when the tree in front of you is on fire. But it’s at times like these that I look up, gaze across the woodlands, and realize the whole forest to the horizon is in flames.

Not that I’m complaining. It’s far better to scramble for a finish line against the clock than to meander in a vaguely goal-shaped direction with all the time in the world.

…But it would be a lot easier to scramble on a full night’s sleep, Jaxar.

Digging in the Dirt

star_wars_its_a_trapIn world-building, it’s easy to get caught up in history. After all, the world that we’re building is based on everything that’s come before, and today’s conflicts are the results of yesterday’s conflicts. But crafting all that history is a trap, and here’s why:

No one cares.

Okay, there might be a Tolkein-style obsessive fan out there who can’t get enough backstory, but by and large, your audience wants the story that’s happening RIGHT NOW. They couldn’t care less about the stories that led up to this point.

Now, am I saying you should ignore your world’s history? Of course not. But you should treat it like dirt: It’s the soil, the ground, the rock that everything is built on… but no one thinks about it much. It’s just there. Still, dirt is important. It’s where you plant story seeds to grow the stories that your audience actually does care about.

No one cares about the field, but they love the crops it produces.

If you want to listen me ramble more on the subject of world-building, I’m running a class April 25 through May 16 in Denver and we’ve still got some slots available.

(If you want to read another RPG designer’s thoughts on history in RPG, check out Asparagus Jumpsuit’s blog posts on the subject.)

Feature-Focused World-Building

There’s no wrong way to build a world. Oh, there are lots of ways to build a world that is wrong (Why are these rivers flowing uphill? How did this illiterate warrior culture write so many guidebooks?), but the specifics of the actual world-building process itself doesn’t matter so long as it gets you the results you want.

Some folks like to start small (“Here’s a village of minotaurs”), then expand the scope (“In a nation of minotaurs”) until they’ve built out the world (“On this planet of minotaurs”). Others prefer to start with broad strokes, like continental shorelines, and work their way down to the nitty-gritty.

While thinking about what approach I want to take when introducing world-building to a classroom of 5th-7th graders (NEW DATES! April 25 – May 16, slots are still available), I decided to attempt a third path: focusing on features.

“Features” are those people, places, and things that make the world unique and fascinating, elements that excite the world-builder and intrigue the audience. They can be literally anything: Living spaceships fueled by junk food, flying castles ruled by skeletal princesses, competitive astral projection leagues, a courtroom where you can sue death, or lava giants whose singing brings the gods to tears. (Okay, these are Adventure Time levels of weird, but you get the idea.)

Once you’ve got your features figured out, then you extrapolate the rest of the world by answering two questions:

  • How did these features come to be?
  • How do these features affect the world around them?

Now, you still have to make sure the world makes some sense. Rivers still flow from the mountains to the sea and illiterate cultures don’t run publishing houses. But you’ve got more freedom to break the rules so long as it justifies your awesome features. Folks won’t mind water running uphill so much if it lets them have singing lava giants.

Moons of World-Building

Update: The dates for the world-building camp have moved from mid-March to late April.

I’ve been hinting about it on Facebook and Twitter for a few weeks while we got the specifics nailed down, but today the time of hinting is over. I’m pleased to announce that I am helping design and facilitate a pair of educational kids’ day camps for Threshold School.

The first of these, World-Building Camp, starts on April 25 and runs for four Saturdays. In the course of creating their own world, the students not only get to pick my brain on world-building (I have a few thoughts on the subject), but get to work with real-world scientists to make sure the ecology, geology, and anthropology makes sense. We’ve even got an artist on hand to help visualize their creations. At the end of the program, we help the kids write up their world in terms of game statistics to turn it into a publishable sourcebook for the Pathfinder RPG.

The second camp, Moons of Zartak, is a day-long live-action game event on Saturday, April 18. In this sci-fi game, players take on the roles of refugees from across the galaxy establishing colonies on the resource-rich planet of Zartak. In order to build up their colonies, players must face the strategic challenges found in many video games—managing resources, crafting new assets, negotiating with other colonies—but in a live, face-to-face environment. The game rewards collaboration, creativity, and problem-solving.

World-building is obviously one of my passions, and I’ve been wanting to run a live-action game like this for years, so I’m very excited about both of these projects.

The camps are being held in the Denver area and are open to kids in grades 5-7. If it sounds cool to you (or your child, who would be the one actually participating), please check out the links above. And if you know someone else who you think might be interested, please feel free to pass the links along.

More Punching More Crunching

gp_rpg_logoWhat time is it? It’s ghost-punching time! Specifically, it’s time to post a little more Savage Worlds mechanical “crunch” for Ghost Punchers RPG. Since Edges and Hindrances are always popular (and I’ve already done a few), I figured I’d share a few more for your critique and delight:


Alternate Identity
Requirements: Novice
Whether it’s because he’s on the run from the law, paranoid about giving out his true name, or just worried that his mother might find out about his ghost-punching habits, the hero with this Edge has an alternate identity he can use. This identity includes at least one piece of official documentation such as a drivers license or Social Security card that passes all but the most thorough investigations. This Edge can be taken multiple times to provide multiple identities. For each identity, the hero’s player must decide how he obtained the documentation.

Sympathetic Ear
Requirements: Novice, Spirit d6+
While most folks who’ve encountered a ghost don’t like discussing their experiences for fear of being called crazy, they don’t mind talking about it to a hero with this Edge. Heroes with Sympathetic Ear have an empathetic aura about them that makes others want to trust and open up to them. They add +2 to their Streetwise or Persuasion rolls when trying to get get information out of people through gentle conversation.


Flat Broke (Minor)
Punching ghosts is a way of life, but it doesn’t necessarily pay the bills. Maybe the hero’s obsession with ghost-hunting ruined her finances. Or maybe she’s never been well-off, and it’s got nothing to do with her penchant for supernatural violence. In any case, the hero starts off without a home or vehicle, owning nothing more than the clothes on her back and no more than $50 in cash or equipment.

Infamous (Minor or Major)
A hero with this hindrance is well-known and well-hated. (The reasons for this infamy are up to the player and the GM, but may involve betrayal, a terrible misunderstanding, or large accidental fires.) As a Minor Hindrance, the hero is only despised by people of a single large community, such a stamp collectors, journalists, or other ghost-punchers. As a Major Hindrance, the hero’s infamy is so wide-spread, he’s hated where ever he goes. While dealing with those who hate him, the hero is subject to rudeness, ridicule, and a -2 to his Charisma. The only way to avoid such indignities is to try to not be recognized.

Baby-stepping into Unity

unity_logoYes, I’ve said it before, at least twice–though I meant it those times too–but it’s time I buckled down and taught myself to use Unity to make video games. The idea has been tickling the back of my skull for the past year, but after using Unity again on last month’s game jam game, that tickle has turned into an irritating itch that can only be scratched by climbing the learning curve and planting the flag of competence atop the mountain of over-extended metaphors.

“What’s Unity?” you may ask.

“It’s a game engine,” I reply. Then I see that doesn’t really answer your question, so I explain. “It’s a piece of software you can use to make games. It’s made specifically for 3D, but you can do 2D games with it too. It’s made with designers and artists in mind, so you can do some basic stuff with it without real programming, which I find appealing since I’m not a real programmer.”

“But I thought you took those programming classes in college?” you ask.

“That was one class. More than 15 years ago. And I barely passed.”

“Was that when you became an English major?”

“This hypothetical conversation is getting pretty personal,” I say. I nod pointedly at the door. You sigh, kick at the floor, and exit the blog post, stage right.

So, yeah. Unity. Powerful. Free. Massive community with tons of support. It’s time to climb that hill again. Watch this space and I’ll let you know from time how far up the trail I’ve reached.